In 1870, the Southern Pacific Railroad bought 100 acres in the newly founded Texas town of Longview. Just one year later, Longview was incorporated as the first town in Gregg County. In 1873, Gregg County was organized in 1873, while Harrison County was formed from Shelby County in 1839 and organized in 1842. The view offered from the area inspired the name of Longview.
A healthy economy features the East Texas Oil Field, Eastman Chemical, Joy Global and Trinity Rail, LLC. CHRISTUS Good Shepherd Medical Center serves the area with Level III and Level IV trauma centers, two emergency centers and the region’s first level III NICU. Longview Independent School District operates numerous facilities for K-12 students in Longview and rural areas of eastern Gregg County. Higher education is offered through LeTourneau University, Kilgore College-Longview and Vista College among others.
East Texas is within a humid subtropical climate zone featuring mild-to-hot, year-round conditions. Longview, TX receives 48 inches of rain on average each year and there are typically 211 days of sunshine annually.
Longview is centrally located among the lake country that is east Texas. Lake O’ The Pines features 18,700 acres on Cypress Creek and is the site of the annual Big Bass Bonanza. Caddo Lake sprawls 26,800 acres in Texas and Louisiana offering 42 miles of “boat roads.” Lake Fork contains an additional 27,690 acres on a tributary of the Sabine River, while Martin Creek Lake provides a variety of fish throughout more than 5,000 acres. Johnson Creek Recreation Area and Tyler State Park are perfect for all kinds of outdoor activities. The Piney Woods also features entertainment such as Longview Museum of Fine Arts, Opera East Texas, Gregg County Historical Museum, Enoch’s Stomp Vineyard and Winery and much more. Local events include Great Texas Balloon Race, Canton Trade Days, T-Bone Walker Blues Festival and East Texas Boat & RV Show just to name a few.